CHAPTER 04.01: UNARY MATRIX
OPERATIONS: Transpose of a Matrix In
this segment we will talk about what do we mean by a transpose of a matrix.
So let A be a m by n matrix. Then B is called
transpose of A if bji is same as aij. So what you basically are doing is that you are
exchanging the row and the column. So whatever is the ith
row, jth element in A becomes the jth row ith element in B. So
you can very well see also then the size of the matrix will be n by m; so the
size of the matrix B will be n rows and m columns.
And we’ll see that through an example as well. Also, what people say is that
hey – if we can write B as the transpose of A, we can write B is equal to A
transpose. So that’s another was of symbolizing this. So
let’s take an example of finding a transpose. So let’s suppose we take 5, 6,
7; 9, 19, 29; 31, 34, 39; 61, 67, 73. So let’s suppose somebody says hey –
this is you’re a matrix. Now what you want to do is you want to find the transpose
of this A matrix. So the first thing which you have to realize is that this
has four rows and three columns. So 1-2-3-4. So four rows and three columns.
So a transpose of the matrix will be now four rows and three columns. No,
three rows and hour columns. So we’ll have three rows and four columns
because we had four rows and three columns in A, and now we have three rows
and four columns in the transpose of the matrix. So
this is the first row first column, so this stays as the first row first
column because we’re going to switch row number and the column number of a11
is still 11. However, if you go to this particular element which is first row
2 Let’s
do a spot check here. So let’s suppose I have this element as 39. This is the
third row, third column, and 39 is right here. That’s also third row, third
column there. Let’s look at another element right here. This is fourth row,
second column, and see if this 67 is the second row, fourth column of the
transpose, which it is here. That’s where 67 is and that place is second row,
fourth column. So you’re finding out that’s the transpose of the matrix. So
all of these elements have ben where the row number and column number have
been interchanged so far as elements are concerned. And that is the end of
this segment. |